Testicular Cancer

Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is one of the rarest types of cancer, accounting for about 1% of cancer cases for men. Although this type of cancer can occur in men at any age, it is the most common in men ages 15-35. In fact, it is the most common type of cancer for men in this age range.


Key Facts

  • An estimated 8,850 new cases of testicular cancer were diagnosed in the U.S. in 2017, with more than 410 deaths
  • The lifetime risk for developing testicular cancer is about 1 in 263.
  • Thanks to early detection and advanced treatments, only approximately 1 in 5,000 men will die from testicular cancer.
  • Many men who develop testicular cancer have no risk factors at all. However, certain conditions such as undescended testicle(s), abnormal testicular development and a family history of testicular cancer may increase the odds of developing testicular cancer.

Signs of a testicular tumor

  • a painless lump in the testicle (the most common sign)
  • a feeling of weight in the scrotum
  • swelling of the testicle. (with or without pain)
  • pain or a dull ache in the testicle, scrotum or groin.



Until proven otherwise, any lump or firm part of the testicle should be considered a potential tumor. Of the many men who are found to have testicular cancer, 75 out of 100 complain of painless swelling of the testicle and about 17 out of 100 may have pain.



The information in this document does not replace a medical consultation. It is for personal guidance use only. We recommend that patients ask their doctors about what tests or types of treatments are needed for their type and stage of the disease.


  • American Cancer Society
  • The National Cancer Institute
  • National Comprehensive Cancer Network
  • American Academy of Gastroenterology
  • National Institute of Health
  • MD Anderson Cancer Center
  • Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center


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